STDs or STIs are infections that are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa, which can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or close body contact with another person who is infected with an STD/STI.
The incubation period is the period of time from infection to the appearance of symptoms and signs; it can vary according to the type of infection.
STDs or STIs with short incubation periods ( 2 days to 4 weeks ) : Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, Non-Gonococcal Urethritis, Genital Herpes
STDs or STIs with long incubation periods ( Few Weeks to Few Months ) : Syphillis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Genital Warts
Not everyone with a STD or STI show symptoms or signs. Some of them may be asymptomatic, carriers and may still be able to infect their partners.
Screening or testing for STDs / STIs can be done by clinical examination, blood tests, urine tests and/or swab tests from the mouth, penis, vagina, anus and from any areas of broken skin, ulcers or discharge
Treatment for STDs / STIs are available and they can be in the form of oral medication, injections, topical medications or surgical.