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Serangoon Garden

STD Prevention

What are Genital Warts / Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

There are several strategies which have been proven to help reduce or minimize our chances of getting infected with an STD.

Such preventive methods include:
  • Keep to one mutually faithful partner ( mutual monogamy )
  • Vaccinations
    • Vaccines against Hepatitis B and Human Papillomavirus ( HPV ) are available.
    • HPV causes cervical cancer and genital warts in women, and anal cancer and genital warts in men.
    • For Hepatitis B, a full course of vaccination consists of 3 doses, given at 0, 1 and 6 months. (Medisave - claimable)
    • For HPV, 3 doses are also required, given at 0, 2 and 6 months. (Medisave - claimable for women aged 9 - 26)
    • Vaccination is a safe and highly effective way to prevent infection.
  • Use of latex condoms with spermicide
    • Use of condoms is recommended for all forms of sexual contact, including oral intercourse.
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis
    • Medications are available for use after potential exposure to HIV in order to block the transmission of HIV. Although this is not 100% effective, the success rate is high if medications are started within 72 hours.
  • Regular HIV and STD screening
    • Although not exactly a preventive strategy, regular screening for infections and treating or controlling whichever infection we find can help reduce the risk our partners face. Bearing in mind that infections frequently do not display any symptoms, doing screening tests could be the only way an infection is picked up in time for treatment.